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LUTTE CONTRE LES MALADIES TROPICALES NEGLIGEES AU BURKINA

Le ministre de la Sante lance la campagne 2013 contre la filariose lymphatique

altLe lancement de la campagne 2013 du traitement de masse intégré des maladies tropicales négligées notamment celle de la filariose lymphatique, a eu lieu le mardi 25 juin 2013 au quartier Renghi dans la commune rurale de Baskouré, province du Kouritenga . Présidé par le ministre de la Santé  M. Léné Sebgo, le lancement a été ponctué par des prises de médicaments, des remises de kits de traitements aux malades de la commune et une visite de ménages témoins.

altEn rappel, selon la définition établie par l’Organisation mondiale de la Santé (OMS), la filariose lymphatique, communément appelée éléphantiasis, est l’une des maladies tropicales négligées. L’infection se produit lorsque les parasites filaires responsables de la maladie sont transmis à l’homme par des moustiques. Lorsqu’un moustique porteur des larves ayant atteint le stade infectant pique une personne, les parasites pénètrent dans la peau à la suite de cette piqûre. Les larves migrent alors vers les vaisseaux lymphatiques où elles se développent pour devenir des vers adultes qui formeront des «nids» dans le système lymphatique humain. Les statistiques montrent que de nos jours, en ce qui concerne les maladies tropicales négligées  1,2 milliard de personnes, dans 82 pays, vivent dans des zones d’endémie de la filariose lymphatique et environ 120 millions de personnes sont touchées par la maladie. La bilharziose affecte 200 millions de personnes dans les régions du monde où plus de 650 millions de personnes sont exposés au risque. En Afrique 37 millions de personnes seraient infectées par l’onchocercose. Les vers intestinaux touchent plus de 2 milliards de personnes dans le monde entier. Le trachome affecte 84 millions de personnes avec des complications oculaires sérieuses chez 8 millions.alt Face à cette situation, le Burkina Faso a entamé une  campagne de traitement car les données du pays, montrent qu’en dépit des efforts consentis,  de nombreuses zones présentent une prévalence endémique assez élevée. De ce fait, 2 559 agents de santé et 19 323 agents de distributeurs communautaires sont attendus sur le terrain pour la réussite de la campagne de traitement. Selonle ministre de la Santé, M. Léné Sebgo, la présente campagne vise principalement à la lutte contre la filariose lymphatique, l’onchocercose et les vers intestinaux. Il a aussi indiqué,                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   que 47 districts sanitaires soit 9 millions 331 mille 208 personnes âgées de plus de 5 ans seront traitées par les médicaments. Cependant, il a précisé que certaines régions comme  le Plateau central, les Hauts-bassins, les Cascades, le Nord et le Sahel ne seront pas concernés par la dite campagne, car ayant interrompu la transmission de la filariose lymphatique. Par contre dans la province du Kouritenga particulièrement à Renghi, on note 54 cas déclarés dont 2 décès et 3 déplacés selon le maire de cette commune Alexis NADEMBEGA. La cérémonie de lancement a pris fin par la prise de médicaments par les officiels notamment le premier responsable du département en guise d’exemple et la visite officielle de deux familles du quartier Renghi pour les inciter et les assister à la prise des médicaments contre ces maladies.

                                                     W. Raïssa OUEDRAOGO/DCPM-Santé

 

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